Jumat, 11 April 2008

Yamaha Motor Company Limited (Yamaha Hatsudōki Kabushiki-gaisha TYO: 7272), is a Japanese motorized vehicle-producing company (whose HQ is at 2500 Shingai, Iwata, Shizuoka), which is part of the Yamaha Corporation.

After expanding Yamaha Corporation into the world's biggest piano maker, Yamaha CEO Genichi Kawakami took Yamaha into the field of motorized vehicles on July 1, 1955. The company's intensive research into metal alloys for use in acoustic pianos had given Yamaha a broad understanding of the making of lightweight, yet sturdy and reliable metal structures. This knowledge was easily applied to the making of metal frames and motor parts for motorcycles. Yamaha Motor is the world's second largest producer of motorcycles. It also produces many other motorized vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles, boats, snowmobiles, outboard motors, and personal watercraft.

Nelson's first motorised transport, the Yamaha 125cc AS3. A beautiful little engine could spin up to 9,000 rpm with no worries. The AS3 had a top speed of 85 mph (92 downhill) it was a lot of fun to learn to ride on and develop your road sense in relative safety and get you to college of time.

Yamaha Motor Co. is now a separate corporation, no longer a direct subsidiary of the Yamaha Corporation. They still share the same name and the trademark tuning fork logo, however with a small difference in the logotype of their name. The "M" in YaMaha is different - while the Motor Co's M extends all the way down to the baseline, the M of Yamaha Corp. is cropped in the lower middle part. Still, a close tie is kept between the two sister organizations. An example is a Yamaha manufacture plant in Indonesia, which both produce vital engine parts for motorcycles, and all hardware for Yamaha Drums and several of their entry-line drum kits.In 2000, Toyota and Yamaha Corporation made a capital alliance where Toyota paid Yamaha Corporation 10.5 billion yen for a 5 per cent share in Yamaha Motor Company while Yamaha and Yamaha Motor each bought 500,000 shares of Toyota stock in return.
Racing Heritage
Yamaha has a long racing heritage where it has had its machines and team win many different competitions in many different areas, for example both road and off road racing, also Yamaha has had great success with riders such as Bob Hannah, Heikki Mikkola, Kenny Roberts, Chad Reed, Stefan Merriman and the latest, Valentino Rossi. Yamaha is known to those who are older in age as the designer of the modern motocross bike, as they were the first to build a production mono-shock motocross bike and one of the first to have a water-cooled motocross production bike (1981, but 1977 in works bikes).Motorcycle models
Yamaha has made an extensive number of two- and four-stroke scooters, on-road and off-road motorcycles. The Yamaha XS 650, introduced in 1970, was such an overwhelming success that it crippled the British monopoly of vertical twin motorcycles.Electrical vehiclesMotorcycles
Yamaha Alba Yamaha Frog Yamaha Libero Yamaha Gladiator Yamaha Mest Yamaha Eccy Yamaha Passol Yamaha EC-02 Yamaha Passol-L Mopeds
Yamaha PAS (Nickel metal hydride battery) PAS Lithium (Lithium ion battery) PAS Business (Ni-Cd battery) Yamaha YQ50 Aerox R Yamaha Jog Yamaha Jog R Yamaha Neo's Yamaha BW'S Yamaha FS1 (Yamaha FS1E) Yamaha Lagend Yamaha DT50
All-Terrain Vehicles
BW80 / 200 / 350 YFZ450 Raptor 80 / 350 / 660 / 700 Blaster 200 Banshee 350 Warrior 350 Bruin 350 Grizzly 600 / 660 Big Bear 400 Wolverine 350 / 450 Tri-Z 250
Yamaha has recently claimed a 100% four-stroke snowmobile line-up, making them the only snowmobile manufacturer to do so. In Canada though, there are still three models that Yamaha manufactures that are still 2 stroke. They are the Bravo, VK 540 and the Venture XL. Yamaha had introduced four-strokes to their line-up in 2003 and the line-up became four-stroke based for model year 2005. Many say that Yamaha has proven snowmobiles can be clean, efficient, and reliable all while maintaining strong performance. The RX-1 released in 2003 was the first performance-oriented four-stroke snowmobile to ever hit the market. It was not, however, the first modern four-stroke snowmobile produced. That honor belongs to Arctic Cat for their Yellowstone Special, released in 2000, which was designed as a rental sled that could meet Yellowstone National Park's stringent emission requirement. However, the Yamaha received much criticism for its weight disadvantage when compared to similar two-strokes, despite its excellent fuel economy and low-range torque.

Yamaha is now on the cutting edge of four-stroke technology with the introducing of their 80FI engine which is equipped on the Phazer and Venture Lite models. This engine has one of the highest specific output of any four-stroke in production, with 160 HP/L, Yamaha achieves this even without the use of a forced induction system. Yamaha is also a key player in the "four-stroke wars", which are a series of advertisements from opponent Ski-Doo who claim their 2-tec and power-tek equipped two-strokes are still cleaner and more efficient than four-strokes, while Yamaha still claims the four-strokes are cleaner. Yamaha also broke a multi-year absence from sno-cross in the winter of 2006-07 with their introduction of a factory race team headed by former Arctic Cat racer Robbie Malinoski.Current Line-up
Apex Attack Nytro FX Nytro Phazer (4th Generation) RS Rage RS Vector RS Venture VK Professional
Outboard Motors
4 stroke series 4 stroke jet drive series 2 stroke V6 2 stroke portable / mid range
Kart Engines
WR series 4 stroke
YZ series 2 stroke
YZ125K YZ85K
KT series 2 stroke
KT100SD KT100SC KT100SEC KT100SP KT100J KT100AX KT100A2

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